Nut Trees

This plant list is from Fall 2019. An updated list with available plants for Spring 2020 will be posted in late March. Thanks for your patience!

SOLD OUT – BUTTERNUT, seedling – Juglans cinerea – 2 gallon pot, 2-4′ tall – $15.00

Butternuts are a tall (often over 100 ft) tree native to eastern North America and are one of the hardiest in the walnut family. Producing rough, egg-shaped shells with delicious buttery nuts inside, this is a great long-term investment in protein self-sufficiency. Butternuts are notorious for being difficult to crack, so you will need to eventually invest in a good nut cracker. They are a protected and endangered species in Ontario because of a fungus that wiped out much of the native trees – replanting efforts are being made to keep this valuable species alive.

SOLD OUT – ENGLISH WALNUT, Cascade seedling – Juglans regia – 2 gallon pot, 1 – 2′ – $15.00

Parent tree is an early-producing, fast-growing tree with delicious, rich nuts ripe in October. Growing 40+ ft. with equal spread, these are a great shade and nut tree to have.

BLACK WALNUT, seedling – Juglans nigra2 gallon pot, 2′ tall – $15.00

Prized for both it’s wood and nuts, black walnuts are amazing trees. Growing 50-80 ft within 100 years, they need plenty of space. Like the butternut, they produce tough nuts to crack so plan to purchase or innovate a good nut cracker. Trees in the Juglans family, in particular black walnuts, produce a chemical – juglone – that can inhibit the growth of some plants around it and isn’t recommended near vegetable gardens. You can check out this site to see a list of plants with juglone tolerance that will grow near black walnuts.

SOLD OUT – CHESTNUT, American x seedlingCastanea spp. – 2 gallon pot, 8-12″ – $15.00

Producing large nuts with smooth, sweet flavour, chestnuts are excellent for roasting and grinding into flour. These are wind pollinated so will need either two trees or another chestnut nearby as a pollinizer to achieve this delicious late-September nut. Another large tree, unpruned they can reach 60+’, although it’s keeping pruned to 20′ can result in better production and make them work in smaller spaces.

HAZELNUT, seedling – Corylus avellana – 1 gallon pot, 2-3′ tall – $12.00

These seedlings come from my mother’s productive urban trees. Delicious, abundant hazelnuts can be produced on a fairly small space compared to other nut trees. These can be pruned to fit your space, but left unmanaged can reach 20′. In addition to nuts, hazels are often coppiced (pruned to the ground) to produce long, straight poles excellent for trellises, woodworking, and wattle-and-daub fences. We are planting them as orchard hedgerows to provide a windbreak, privacy, nuts, wood, and wildlife habitat. The parent trees show resistance to eastern filbert blight, so there is a good chance their offspring will also.

SOLD OUT – YELLOWHORN, seedling – Xanthoceras sorbifolium – 1 gallon pot, 6″ – $12.00

This small nut tree is native to northern China and is not yet well known in this part of the world. Producing gorgeous billows of white and pink flowers in spring and vibrant colours in fall, these can be planted as an ornamental as well as a food tree. The nuts of the yellowhorn have a similar flavour to macadamia, and can be eaten fresh, roasted and ground into flour, or pressed into cooking oil, with similar cooking qualities to canola or sunflower oil. The oil also shows potential as a form of biodiesel. The leaves and flowers of yellowhorn are also edible when cooked, making this a great all-round food source. They tend to grow slowly while in pots, but once planted they will pick up the pace.

SOLD OUTKENTUCKY COFFEE TREE – Gymnocladus dioicus – 2 gal pot, 8-12″ tall – $15.00

Kentucky Coffee trees are a fast-growing native species to parts of eastern North America, and are a threatened species in Ontario. They grow to 60+ feet tall in sunny moist locations, and produce long bean-like pods filled with hard large black seeds that can be roasted into a coffee-like substitute (but are toxic if eaten raw). They have no known diseases, are very hardy, tolerant of soil toxins, and are good for stabilizing soil and re-vegetating degraded areas. These are great trees if you need a moderately fast-growing shade source and have an interest in rare trees that give you homemade roasted beverages.